Marriage Wedding Traditions in India
In different countries, religions and cultures different marriage traditions and customs are followed. Normally people like to get married with their local traditions and customs as it gives them most sastisfaction. In India alone there are many different cultures and traditions according to different regions. Mostly families want their son or daughter to get married in traditional way.
In India Haldi, Mehendi. Ladies Sangeet, God Bharai, Jay Mala, Agni Phera and Vidai are some of the most important traditions among Hindu community.
Let us have a look at some tof these traditions and cultures of marrige in India.
Engagement or Sagai
In North India weddings are an extravagant affair. This involves many ceremonies like enagagment or Sagai. Sagai is formal announcement of wedding between the boy and girl. This ceremony bascially involves close family members of familes of boy and girl and some close friends of both the sides. Rings are formally exchanged by the boy and girl.
Mehendi is yet another important ceremony among Hindus. In this ritual Mehendi or Heena is applied to hands and feet of the bride. Now a days Mehni is appiled by Mehendi specialists who apply beautifil Mehndi art on bride’s hand and feets. In many Hindu’s Mehendi is applied to the groom as well. Relatives of brides family like young unmarried girls take special interest in this event and get Mehendi applied on their hands as well. This event takes place in a musical and joyful atmosphere.
Haldi is an important ritual in which haldi or turmeric is applied on the bride to be. This is genreally applied by very close relatives and family members of the bride. This custom is also carried on groom’s side. Haldi is applied on the body of groom by closer relatives and friends.
Ladies Sangeet is fun filled, musical program which is women centric. In this event all the women of family take part and sing traditional songs with dholak and musical instruments. Dancing to bollywood songs and popular folk songs is the highlight of this event. This event is full of enjoyment and fun.
Tilak ceremony is usually held at the groom’s residence to take blessing of God before beginning his married life. In this ceremony the brides’s family offers gifts like clothes, fruits, sweets and jewellery to groom as a part of custom. KumKum or Tika is applied to Groom’s forehead with rituals. Other family members of the groom are also applied tilak on this occassion.
Ghudchadhi and Baraat
Ghudchadi is a tradition or rasam in which the groom sits on the female horse/ghodi. Family and friends of the groom accompany the groom with music and dance. Special Band is organised for this occassion. This gathering is also called Baraat and all the people accompanying the Baraat are called Baraatis. The Baraatis reach the wedding location dancing and enjoying to dhol beats and popular songs. Once the Groom and Baraatis reach the wedding location’s enterance they are welcomed with garlands and flowers. A puja is performed at the enterance of Baraat.
Jai Maal is the most awaited moment for the guests, relatives, family and freinds of both sides of Bride and Groom. A beautiful stage is set up for the Bride and Groom where they exchange garlands. This exchange of garlands between the Bride and Groom is called Jai Maal which takes place with enthusiasm. All the guests of both families exchange greetings and the Bride and Groom sit on their respective Chairs.
Gifts are given to the new couple by guests and relative. Photographs of Bride and Groom and their family members are mandatory on stage and all the guests show extreme enthusiasm on this occassion.
After Jai Maal Baraatis and guest ase served delicious food and drinks.
Phera ceremony is the most important one. Here the Bride and Groom take oath te be best husband and wife in the presence of Agni. Seven sacred rounds are taken around Agni with mantras recited by the Pundit. The Groom puts sindoor or kum kum on his Brides forhead and also ties a Mangal Sutra to his Bride’s neck which is most important testimony of wedding.
This is the last ceremony of a Hindu Marriage. The bride leaves her maternal house to start a new life with her husband. She moves to a new home. She is blessed and wished good luck by all her family members and friends to mark a new beginning of her life with her husband.